Lara Granville

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Cartel facilitators liable even if they are not cartel participants

A consultancy firm has been found liable and fined €348 000 under EU competition law for facilitating a cartel, although it was not a member of that cartel, and it did not operate in the heat stabiliser market in which the cartel operated. AC‑Treuhand, a consultancy based in Zurich, offers a range of services including business … Continue reading

Restraints of trade can pass competition law muster

The Competition Tribunal in RCS Cards (Pty) Limited v The Consumer Finance Business of the JD Group Limited has affirmed that a restraint of trade clause contained in a sale of business agreement will not necessarily be considered anti-competitive. However, the restraint has to be justifiable in the circumstances and concluded for a reasonable period … Continue reading