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Loss of SA citizenship when acquiring foreign citizenship is irrational and constitutionally invalid

The Supreme Court of Appeal held in June 2023 that section 6(1)(a) of the South African Citizenship Act, 1995 by which South African citizenship is lost when acquiring citizenship of another country is constitutionally irrational and invalid . The section was declared invalid and citizens who lost their citizenship by operation of section 6(1)(a) are deemed not … Continue reading

No wrongfulness by Education Department for omission as employer to prevent victimisation

In June 2023 the Supreme Court of Appeal held, on a number of grounds, that no wrongfulness had been established by a teacher who took early retirement allegedly because she had been victimised, suffered clinical depression and consequently retired early. The plaintiff had failed at the time of the alleged victimisation to pursue the grievance … Continue reading

Draft guidance note for insurers: climate-related risks

Here Climate Guidance_Disclosures_Insurers ( the Prudential Authority’s draft guidance notes for insurers and climate-related risks and disclosures. The guidance notes adopt the recommendations of the task force on climate-related Financial Disclosures and International Sustainability Standards Board. Deadline for comments is 13 September 2023… Continue reading

South Africa’s consultative democracy requires proper public involvement in law-making

An amendment to the National Environmental Management: Waste Act 2008 in the National Environmental Laws Amendment Act 2022 was declared invalid and unconstitutional because the State had failed to comply with its constitutional obligations to facilitate public involvement in the legislation. The legislative process to amend the Waste Act began in 2015. The initial amendment … Continue reading

Energy users and suppliers exempt from some of the provisions of the Competition Act – You can now work with your competitors to help solve supply problems.

In May 2023, the Department of Trade Industry and Competition (in consultation with the Competition Commission) published Regulations to exempt certain categories of agreements or practices by energy users (Energy User Block Exemption)and energy suppliers (Energy Suppliers Block Exemption) from the application of certain provisions of the Competition Act (Block Exemptions). The purpose of the … Continue reading

Inherent unreliability of witness recollection

A July 2023 UK judgment pointed out common factors leading to inherent unreliability of witnesses giving evidence in a commercial case which are worth bearing in mind in all similar situations. All memory of distant events depends on a process of reconstruction which is inevitably influenced, whether consciously or not, by a multitude of factors. … Continue reading

To stand or not to stand – a case of legal standing

This blog was co-authored by Sebenzile Magagula, Candidate Attorney. A claim was dismissed by the High Court on the grounds that the respondent lacked the requisite legal standing to litigate on behalf of her husband who was the party to the contract sued on. The claimant sued for delictual damages arising from failure by … Continue reading

A reminder to all Commissioner of Oaths

In the May 2023 case of Phumelela Local Municipality v Telkom SA SOC Limited, the validity of a founding affidavit submitted to the court in relation to an application for summary judgment was rejected for want of compliance with the commissioner of oaths regulations. The founding affidavit in support of the summary judgement application stated … Continue reading

Defamation damages for disclosing HIV status

This blog was co-authored by Maano Manavhela, Candidate Attorney. In this case (K.A.B v National Union of Metal Workers of South Africa (NUMSA) and Others (1438/2021) [2023] ZAFSHC 288 (21 July 2023)) the plaintiff instituted a defamation action against the employer after the employer’s supervisor disclosed the plaintiff’s HIV positive status in a work grievance meeting … Continue reading

Labour Court finds SAPS vicariously liable for false accusations of racism

A 10 January 2023 judgment in the Labour Court found the South African Police Services (SAPS) vicariously liable for racial harassment perpetrated against a colonel by two of her subordinate warrant officers. In March 2017, two warrant officers in response to corrective action by the colonel due to absenteeism, accused her of calling them by … Continue reading

A Cautionary Tale: Navigating the Intersection of AI and Legal Research

In the rapidly evolving world of legal practice, artificial intelligence (AI) has begun to play an instrumental role, offering promising opportunities to streamline research, facilitate case analysis, and improve efficiency. However, a recent magistrates court case, Parker v Forsyth N.O. & Others, serves as a pivotal reminder of the need to use these tools with … Continue reading

Restraining competition from a former director

This blog was co-authored by Atish Dullabh, Candidate Attorney. The Western Cape High Court judgment of Big Catch Fishing Tackle Proprietary Limited v Kemp dealt with the fiduciary duties of a director after their resignation. Big Catch Fishing Tackle Proprietary Limited (Big Catch) traded as a supplier of fishing equipment. Kemp had been a director … Continue reading

The Rocket Docket in the US

Every year in the US an assessment is made as to the fastest civil trial court in 94 US court districts. The results are interesting. The fastest Rocket Docket was in the district of Montana with 18.3 months from start to finish. Texas and Arkansas followed soon after with 18.8 months. At the other end … Continue reading

Companies now have 10 business days to file changes to their corporate information

On 24 May 2023, the Minister of Trade, Industry and Competition published the Companies Amendment Regulations, 2023 (Amendment Regulations). The Amendment Regulations were drafted in consultation with the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission (CIPC) to align the Companies Regulations with the General Laws (Anti-Money Laundering and Combating Terrorism Financing) Amendment Act, 2022 (General Laws Amendment … Continue reading

Costs of experts awarded only for appreciable help

The High Court granted judgment in favour of the plaintiff for general damages and future medical expenses but did not make an award any special damages for his loss of earnings. The court did not grant the plaintiff costs in respect of its experts on the basis that the expert evidence was not of ‘appreciable … Continue reading

Arbitrators may not hear legality reviews

This blog was co-authored with Felix Le Roux, Candidate Attorney In a May 2023 judgment, the Pretoria High Court held that arbitrators are precluded from hearing reviews which are brought under the principle of legality. The Independent Development Trust (IDT), an organ of state, and Bakhi Design Studio (Bakhi) concluded various procurement contracts for the … Continue reading