Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (“PFAS”) are a group of synthetic fluorinated substances. PFASs are “forever chemicals” because they do not break down via a natural processes and are subject to significant regulatory action. 

Recently the Swedish Supreme Court t-486-23-eng.pdf ( dealt with a PFAS liability claim arising from drinking water contaminated with PFAS. 


Insurers dealing with and defending personal injury claims under a liability policy should bear in mind the general principles regarding claims for damages in those cases.

The plaintiff who claims damages for the cost of future medical expenses bears the onus of proving the damages claimed and that the damages claim is reasonable. Generally it