At common law when a wrong is done to a company only the company can sue for the damage caused to it.

That does not mean that the shareholders of the company may not consequentially suffer any loss (what is known as a reflective loss). Any negative impact the wrongdoing has on the company is

A director of a company who has a personal financial interest, or knows that a related person has a personal financial interest, in a matter to be considered at a board meeting must disclose that interest and any other material information relating to the matter before it is discussed at the board meeting (section 75

A court, asked to dismiss a claim against Tesla Motors, found it reasonably conceivable that Elon Musk, a 22.1% shareholder, was a controlling shareholder because of his ‘actual domination and control over the directors’ wielding more power than may be evidenced by the minority shareholding.

Normally the courts of Delaware, where the case happened, would

A plaintiff who was a shareholder in a liquidated company sued the company’s bank for a R50 million loss in value of his indirectly held shareholding allegedly caused by intentional conduct of the bank for lending money beyond the means of the company and then liquidating the company. The delictual claim for pure economic loss

The Companies Act 2008 introduced the key concept that a provision in a shareholders agreement that is inconsistent with the Companies Act and the company’s memorandum of incorporation (MOI) is void to the extent of the inconsistency. This was an about turn from the position under the previous Companies Act and the previous practice of